Europe is a popular destination for a beautiful train journey and the scenic routes. Usually, in Europe, the train runs through valleys, beautiful villages, towns, and bridges with impressive architecture. Utmost trains powered by electricity and installed everywhere possible. The Alps, highest and long mountain range and Europe’s many highest railways chain found here. Switzerland, France and Spain have many railways in high elevation sites also famous train routes for tourists.
Jungfrau is the highest railway in Europe, found in Alps mountain range. Some part of the track installed by rack, and 1,000 mm gauge track. Jungfraujoch is the highest point and station of Jungfrau railway, situated in the Bernese Oberland region.
Gornergrat is the second highest railway and located in the last stop of the Gornergrat. The rack railway that takes visitors to the summit of the Gornergrat (a rocky ridge in the Pennine Alps). The Gornergrat railway is the highest open-air railway in Europe which built with rack railway. At 2,650 meter, the Zugspitze is the third highest, located immediately below the summit of the Zugspitze peak.
All highest railways listed below are above 1800 metres above sea level. The Pilatus railway is the steepest rack railway in the world, the train runs from Alpnachstad to the terminus, about 4.6 km route.
List of Highest Railways in Europe
|Rank||Railway||Highest Point||Country||Highest Elevation|
|4||Mont Blanc||Nid d'Aigle||France||2,372 m
|5||Bernina||Ospizio Bernina||Switzerland, Italy||2,253 m
|7||Riffelalp||Riffelalp Resort||Switzerland||2,222 m
|8||Furka Cogwheel Steam||Furka railway station||Switzerland||2,163 m
|10||Lauterbrunnen–Kleine Scheidegg–Grindelwald||Kleine Scheidegg||Switzerland||2,061 m
|11||Andermatt–Chur||Oberalp Pass||Switzerland||2,043 m
|12||Montreux–Glion–Rochers-de-Naye||Rochers de Naye||Switzerland||1,968 m
|13||Schynige Platte||Schynige Platte||Switzerland||1,967 m
|14||Vall de Nuria||Nuria||Spain||1,964 m
|15||Artouste||Station d'Artouste||France||1,940 m
|16||Montenvers||Hotel du Montenvers||France||1,913 m
|17||Les Montuires–Emosson||Les Montuires||Switzerland||1,822 m
|18||Albula||Albula Tunnel||Switzerland||1,820 m
|19||Cercedilla-Cotos||Cotos Railway station||Spain||1,818 m
Facts to Know
- The Alps is the extensive and large mountain range also home to hundreds of railways.
- Over 100 railways operate above 1,000 metres. only two railway, Jungfrau and Gornergrat are above 3,000 metres.
- Some railway routes were built underground due to mountainous landscapes makes difficult to build the tracks.
- Snowdrift and seasonal snow line make difficult to run the train, usually occurs at 2,000 to 3,000 metres in the Alps.
- Vall de Nuria railway is the highest railway in Pyrenees mountain range, outside the Alps.
- Many and even the top 11 of the highest railways located in Switzerland.